Infant Fever And Rash | Infant Fever | Infant Fever Rash

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Babies may be born with perfect, spotless skin, but it does not remain so during the period of their growth. Rashes are something almost all parents will notice in their baby, at some point or the other. Some of the rashes are minor and heal quickly with the help of some care, but some may require to be treated for a while, before they leave the baby. These rashes are developed due to various factors and knowing the factors can help prevent the rashes or treat them, in case your baby develops them. Here are a few common types of rashes in babies.Heat Rash - Miliaria The sweat glands in infants and babies are highly underdeveloped, and their bodies cannot regulate their body temperature adequately. Due to this, they develop heat rashes or prickly heat. This can occur when they are bundled up, to keep them warm or when the atmosphere in their room is too warm or hot. Heat rashes appear in the form of small pink boils around the neck, on the chest and on the back, and may cause a lot of itching and discomfort. The rash can be cured by cooling the room, using loose cotton clothes for the baby and by applying calamine lotion and prickly heat powder.Nappy or Diaper Rash This is the most common skin rash, that babies tend to develop. This occurs when the baby diapers are not frequently changed, due to which the baby's skin is in prolonged contact with bacteria, ammonia from the urine or feces, and moisture. The skin develops an irritation due to all these components and turns red. This might cause considerable itching and burning for the baby, in the area where the rash has developed. The best way to cure and prevent diaper rash is to keep the baby dry. Change the diapers frequently and allow the baby's skin to breathe for a while, in between diaper changes. Use a mild powder before securing the diaper and if the rash persists after a few days, medical assistance may be required.Generally, rashes on face are the result of your body's reaction to some cosmetic products or food you have eaten. It may take a while to realize the exact reason behind the rash on face. Once the basic reason is known, you can take the necessary care by excluding the use of that product or intake of that foodstuff in your routine. Till the time you find out the cause of these rashes, you definitely can't let them reside on your face. There are many simple remedies to cure them and get rid of the constant irritation.Erythema Infectiosum also known as Fifth Disease is caused by Human Parvovirus - B19 (PV-B19), which is an erythrovirus. This disease is common in children between the ages 4 to 16. The very distinctive nature of this disease shows up in the form of red rashes on the patient's cheeks and appears as if the patient has been slapped or hit on face. This disease spreads across the other parts of the body like legs, trunk and arms etc. Infection of this disease in children is very self limiting and the patient starts recovering after some time without development of more complications.Hot tub rash is a skin disorder caused due to infection of the hair follicles by the bacterial strain, Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Medically this skin disorder is also referred to as Pseudomonas folliculitis or hot tub folliculitis. And, the name hot tub rash is assigned as the bacteria usually propagate in hot tubs, swimming pools and even in loofah sponges. Hot tub rash in children is more prevalent than adults, as they tend to spend more time while bathing in hot tubs or swimming pools.Hot Tub Rash Symptoms
The noticeable symptom of hot tub rashes is eruption of reddish colored papules (0.5-1 cm size) mostly around the hair follicles, which also have a pustule at the center. In the initial stages, the infected skin area feels a mild to an intense itching sensation. Within a few days, you will notice outbreak of small itchy bumps that are raised from the surrounding skin area. Later on, as the bacterial infection progresses, the bumps turn tender and sensitive, giving rise to reddish colored skin nodules with pus formation.Hot tub rashes may erupt in any part of the body that comes in contact with contaminated water. In general signs and symptoms are manifested after two days of infection with the causal bacterium. Outbreaks of the rashes and skin problems are mostly severe in areas that are covered by a swimsuit. This is because, the contaminated water remains in contact with those skin portions for a longer time.Other than skin symptoms, a person with hot tub rash may manifest increased fatigue and in rare cases, fever like conditions. Unlike other skin infection cases, hot tub rashes are not contagious. In short, the bacterium responsible for causing hot tub rash is not transferable even with direct skin contact with an infected person. However, being not transmittable does not mean that one should not take extra skin care during the outbreak of a hot tub rash.Hot Tub Rash Treatment and Prevention herapeutic treatment for hot tub rash is not necessary for most of the cases and they resolve on their own within a few days to two weeks time. Nevertheless, for a prolonged hot tub rash, home remedies along with proper skin care should be followed carefully for treating the condition. A mild, perfume free soap should be used for cleaning the rash affected body areas. Applying vinegar compresses for about 15-20 minutes twice a day will help in getting relief from itching. You may like toknow more on the natural remedies to cure skin rash.For hot tub rashes that are associated with severe itching, applying an over-the-counter anti-itch cream or ointment containing hydrocortisone will help in reducing the discomfort sensation. And in case of patients with a painful abscess formation, consulting a dermatologist is imperative for hot tub rash cure. The doctor may prescribe an oral antibiotic course to hasten the healing period of the skin rashes. This will also help in preventing recurrent outbreaks of hot tub rashes.After the hot tub rash heals, it is usual to leave behind a dark colored or hyperpigmented lesion. Such skin lesions will disappear within a few months. While coming to hot tub rash prevention, sanitation and timely changing of the pool water or hot tub water is of utmost importance. Even the best hot tubs harbor this bacteria, if not maintained properly. Hence, follow the pool or hot tub maintenance guidelines to minimize the risk of developing hot tub rashes.

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This article was published on 2010/09/30